Environmental law professor Joel Mintz comments in The Hill that “Even the most cursory examination of the Trump administration’s environmental record reveals an appalling litany of irresponsible, anti-environmental actions.” https://thehill.com/opinion/energy-environment/453453-trump-trashes-the-natural-world-and-calls-it-environmental
Sustainability Policy, Context and Purpose, Recommended Reading
A View of the Mountain Pass Called the Notch of the White Mountains, Thomas Cole, 1839. Andrew Mellon Fund, National Gallery of Art.
It is tempting to say “this too shall pass” after reading the disheartening news of the day (approval of brain-damaging chlorpyrifos, eliminating surprise inspections at chemical plants, discarding scientific capacity at federal agencies, the heads of Justice and Commerce acting in contempt of Congress, the President inflicting the traumas of nativism, just to mention a few). A reading of American history does indicate that such periods have come before and have receded. But they clearly remain to rise again. What we are seeing today is a landscape shockingly familiar to those who have reviewed the history of sins that have clouded our skies since the beginning: the dispossession of original inhabitants, slavery, suppression of women, laborers, hatred of recent immigrants – all reflections of the faith that some have that their rights are more sacred than those of others with whom they must share this Earth. If hatred will not pass, then the question is whether we can find passage through.
 Environmental law professor Joel Mintz comments in The Hill that “Even the most cursory examination of the Trump administration’s environmental record reveals an appalling litany of irresponsible, anti-environmental actions.” https://thehill.com/opinion/energy-environment/453453-trump-trashes-the-natural-world-and-calls-it-environmental
Sustainability Policy, Context and Purpose, Activity
Hesiod and the Muse (1891), Gustave Moreau, Musée d'Orsay. In Works and Days, (8th century BC), Hesiod wrote that “the deathless gods who dwell on Olympus made a golden race of mortal men…they lived like gods without sorrow of heart.” (Evelyn-White translation).
As I find myself becoming an old environmentalist I think more and more of the 1990’s as a golden age in which regulatory programs were innovating. Of course it was not really a golden age - the House was earnestly trying to dismantle environmental protection. But at this time the EPA and relevant state agencies were transforming themselves creatively, responding to widespread discomfort with overreliance on “command and control”, which involves authorities telling people what to do and hunting down violators. This is of course necessary – for some – but agencies were showing then that they knew not everyone is a willful violator, and that there are reservoirs of good will that can be tapped to generate willing compliance. They were starting to provide help to those who don’t have the time to develop an understanding of very complex rules. They were realizing they could sometimes get companies to adopt cleaner practices by helping them.
There was, unfortunately, an easy and very wrong way to make regulatory programs friendlier, and that was to simply weaken enforcement. This happened too frequently. Compounding the problem was that new money was not provided to fund the reform effort or the new assistance programs, so it was shifted from enforcement. This created conflicts, broke trust, slowed progress, and obscured the fact that vast improvements were also taking place.
Sustainability Policy and Events, Law for Sustainability, Context and Purpose, Activity
Jost Haller, St. George Slaying the Dragon, Unterlinden Museum, Colmar, France, 15th Century, photo by Vincent Desjardin, no alteration. Creative Commons by 2.0: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/deed.en.
For too long we – all humans of today, plus all other living things – have been victims of monstrous misconceptions, roaming like vicious dragons over the lands of this green earth, scorching it and terrifying everyone. These are the misconceptions bred by the compulsion to make money at all costs. The placement of the profit imperative at the top of the priority pyramid has led otherwise sensible people to reach into the underworld and pull poisons from hell and pour them into our seas, skies, and soils, where they have burned in rapid and slow fashion to the ruin of more than anyone could calculate.
But as in the stories, of Hercules, Sigurd, Rustam, Indra, Marduk, Gilgamesh, and so many others, we also know that the reign of the monsters can end, if someone will stand up to them, and use the right tools. For the purpose of simplicity that tool is often a sword, but it can be a mirror (Perseus), a bird bringing knowledge of a chink in the dragon’s armor (the Hobbit), or an oxygen-destruction device (Godzilla). Today, we – all citizens – have been given a tool – the Green New Deal – and it will work if we decide to use it.
The virtue of this tool is that it is infinitely flexible. At this point it is fashioned as a Congressional Resolution, and its features are recognitions and aspirations. For the tool to work, to be sharp enough to slay the dragon of our addiction to money generated by poisonous fuels and the illusions of comfort and convenience it produces, we only have to perceive that such a program is needed – and support its goals. Hope has arrived in the form of a sensible posture towards our present and future prospects, and it can be manifested by acceptance. The dragons of greed, pollution, cynicism, selfishness, blindness and rank irresponsibility can be defeated and their day cast aside for the light of reason, which can perform the action of a hero if we give to it our mindful attention and assent.
That such a resolution is before Congress, with 69 proponents in the House and 12 in the Senate, is a sign of the maturation of the environmental movement. Modern environmental consciousness began as something to worry about, and then we got tired of worrying about it, so fretful that it would cost too much to address that a mindless destruction of environmental protections gained political support, an emotional catastrophe of mythical dimension, an abandonment of the project of developing social responsibility, a reversal of the positive trend towards sensible civilization. But while the teardown was building strength, first under Nixon, then under Reagan, then under the second Bush, and now under he who is not here named, in case after case it was being proven that environmental investments are actually good for us.
One big win, hardly gaining any public attention, was the billions of pounds of toxics use eliminated from commerce by the pollution prevention movement, saving companies billions of dollars at the same time. The next big win was the energy efficiency movement, and then we had the success of solar, and wind, and now energy storage. We stopped major forms of pollution and didn’t hurt ourselves or the economy. Yes, some suffered from the loss of dirty jobs. But that didn’t have to happen – had we invested in helping people through the transition, that story could have turned out differently. The point is that there has been far too little attention to the fact that it makes sense to transform to clean and safe technologies and practices. It makes business sense, it makes moral sense, it stands to reason, it stands up to challenge. The Green New Deal Resolution uses that truth like a sword.
It proceeds from the recognition that investing in making our planet safe and not poisoning the bodies of every living thing can also create millions of good jobs while improving infrastructure, buildings, agriculture – everything we do. It is not wishful thinking, mythical exaggeration or ludicrous hope that recognizes this. Investing in the great transformation of our built systems so that they exist sensibly within the biosphere only makes sense, and it is a dark mystical delusion that motivates opposition to the dawning of this new day. In many of the myths, dragons are not just breathers of fire, but have powers of mind control. You don’t want to let them look in your eyes or you will become transfixed. That is what has happened to modern civilization. It has been fixed to the spot that the dragon wants us to stay in. But this is a hero-story that every citizen can enjoy. All we have to do is open our eyes and hearts to the fact that we don’t need to continue poisoning ourselves, and the sword of truth will bring a new day.
 See the complete resolution as introduced in the House Feb. 7 by Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez: file:///C:/Users/rick/Documents/Courses/The%20Green%20New%20Deal%20resolution.pdf or see Ed Markey's summary: https://www.markey.senate.gov/news/press-releases/senator-markey-and-rep-ocasio-cortez-introduce-green-new-deal-resolution.
ACTIVITY - help bring in that new day.
Step One. Think about who needs to be convinced of the importance of supporting the Green New Deal, and about specific things it should do, specific actions that should be taken. In addition to representatives at all levels of government, there are influential people, key professional and trade associations, nonprofit organizations, newspapers, radio shows. Who are the commentators and what are the platforms where support can make a difference, where the vision of the tools and actions can be formed so that people don't regard this proposal as pie in the sky? What are the arguments you can use to make people see that this is real, that this is our chance to work together and make a world that can survive, and in which everyone benefits?
Step Two. Write and speak your mind.
Step Three. Consider all the things that can go wrong - anticipate the complaints and questions and confusions. Prepare yourself to welcome constructive criticism and make sure it does not blunt our forward movement. We will not progress by denying the potential problems with the plan, but by addressing them. Do not be impatient with others who do not have the vision. Help them see.
Step Four. Strategize how to overcome. Do this by yourself, and do it with others. Make it a habit and you will get good at it.
Sustainability Policy and Events, Context and Purpose, Activity
In 2018 students at Boston University in a class entitled “Research for Environmental Agencies and Organizations” found only twelve states acting to help communities to remove water pipes made of lead, and after contacting all municipalities in the state to find out what they were doing, received replies from only ten percent. Even though the story of lead in Flint, Michigan’s water is now well-known (for a highly readable account see Dr. Mona Hannah-Attisha’s What the Eyes Don’t See), the response remains slow and inadequate. A hopeful note, however, was the conversation students had with Sioux Falls, South Dakota, which had a special initiative to remove lead water service lines. The water superintendent told them the work caused no increase in water rates:
With the exception of fuel, equipment wear and tear, brass and copper pipe the only additional cost was the rental of a mini excavator. We budget for one every few years so some years we rent one and some years we don’t. The maintenance team we have either removing lead lines or other maintenance tasks. We managed to perform all work necessary even with the lead line removal initiative. (See Replacing Lead Water Service Lines in Massachusetts at www.bu.edu/rccp, p.5).
Maybe not every water department has the same situation as Sioux Falls. But even when the costs of replacement are high, the value of taking action far exceeds them. On March 5 the Environmental Defense Fund’s Chemicals Policy Director Tom Neltner reported that Minnesota’s Department of Health found that just “the societal benefits from avoiding the loss of IQ points due to children’s exposure to lead” were worth ten times the costs of removing lead service lines (http://blogs.edf.org/health/).
Sustainability Policy and Events
Orpheus and Eurydice, Peter Paul Rubens (and workshop), c. 1637, Museo del Prado, Madrid, Spain.
On January 9th the Oregon Court of Appeals in Chernaik v Brown  rejected the request by plaintiffs for declarations that
the atmosphere and other natural resources are trust resources that the state has a fiduciary obligation to protect.
There are two great questions at stake in this case. One is whether the government has a responsibility to protect that which sustains our life on earth and the other is whether a court must tell the other parts of government to take action. Influencing how this is answered is how we think about freedom.
The Environmental Citizen is for people who want to help meet the challenge of how to live within the biosphere without harming it, and thus protect ourselves, other living things, future generations, and the source of all wealth and value that we hold dear. It builds on topics in the text Developing Sustainable Environmental Responsibility but is addressed to anyone interested in what each individual can do on their own, as members of the societies in which they live, and as members of the universal group - the human race.
Designed to easily be used as classroom resources or to offer people direction, many of the articles within The Environmental Citizen include activities, questions, and recommended readings.
I welcome your input and ideas.
Rick Reibstein teaches environmental law at Boston University and Harvard’s Summer School. He has helped develop toxics use reduction policy and assistance practices for the Commonwealth of Massachusetts and has served as an attorney for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). He has trained businesses and governments in developing programs for pollution prevention, compliance assistance and environmental performance improvement. He initiated the Massachusetts Environmentally Preferable Purchasing program, founded two Business Environmental Networks and is an individual winner of the EPA’s Environmental Merit Award (2000). Reibstein has published in Pollution Prevention Review, the Environmental Law Reporter, the International Journal of Cleaner Production, the Journal of Industrial Ecology, and the Journal of Ecological Economics, as well as producing many reports, guidance and proposals as a state official.
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